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Empire Of The Senses

Autor: Daniela Hacke
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004340645
File Size: 8,96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Empire of the Senses introduces new approaches to the history of European imperialism in the Americas by questioning the role that the five senses played in framing the cultural encounters, colonial knowledge, and political relationships that built New World empires.

Land Without Evil

Autor: Richard Gott
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9780860913986
File Size: 4,75 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 8569
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All too often, travel writers plunge into seemingly obscure parts of the globe with little knowledge of where they are, whom they are among, or what has happened there in the past. In this trend-breaking anti travel book, Richard Gott describes his own journey through the heart of South America, across the swampland that forms the watershed between the River Plate and the River Amazon. But the story of his expedition takes second place to a brilliant resurrection of the historical events in the area over five hundred years, of the people who have lived there and the visitors who have made the same journey. The land crossed by the Upper Paraguay river once formed the contested frontier in South America between Spanish and Portuguese territory. The Portuguese sent expeditions through it in attempts to reach the Spanish silver mines of the Andes, and the Jesuits (supported by the monarch in Madrid) established strategic hamlets—the famous Indian missions—to stabilize the frontier. But this was not the beginning or end of conflict in the area. Earlier, the Guarani-speaking Indian nations of Paraguay had made violent contact across the swamp with the Quechua-speakers of the Inca empire; later, after the departure of the Spaniards, the nineteenth century witnessed a prolonged period of purposeful extermination of the local peoples. Since the Spanish conquest, the area has seen an endless procession of newcomers pursuing unsuitable and utopian programmes of economic and social development that have inevitably ended in disaster for the local population. Intermingling accounts of his own travels over many years with those Jesuit priests, Spanish conquistadors and Portuguese Mamelukes, together with those of other visitors such as Alcides D'Orbigny, Theodore Roosevelt, and Claude Levi-Strauss, Richard Gott weaves a complex web of narrative that brings to life the almost unknown frontier land of Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay. Both gripping and polemical, Land Without Evil is a significant contribution to our knowledge of South America.

The Spiritual Conquest

Autor: Antonio R. De Montoya
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781880810026
File Size: 25,13 MB
Format: PDF
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Available for the first time in English, THE SPIRITUAL CONQUEST is a moving first-hand account of the early days of one of history's most remarkable social experiments, the Paraguay Reductions. In the early 1600's, a handful of unarmed members of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) penetrated the forests of present-day Paraguay & surrounding territories, & gathered tens of thousands of semi-nomadic Indians into large & prosperous towns. After flourishing for nearly 150 years both materially & artistically with their Jesuit mentors, these oases of independent Christian Indian civilization fell victim to European colonists' violence & rapacity. De Montoya's book is a fundamental & frequently cited document of South American history & ethnography. He vividly evokes the vast country he describes: its forests, its mighty rivers, its wild animals, its varied native peoples. He tells of the Jesuit efforts to establish their Christian towns, the opposition of both European colonists & native chiefs & sorcerers; he depicts the naive piety of the Indian converts, the frequent occurrences of the supernatural, the ever-present reality of cannibalism , the grim fact of martyrdom, the day-to-day life of the indigenous people & of the Jesuits.