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Postcards From The Middle East

Autor: Chris Naylor
Publisher: Lion Books
ISBN: 0745956505
File Size: 5,18 MB
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Chris Naylor and his wife went to the Middle East to teach, and stayed to set up a pioneering branch of environemental agency A Rocha in Lebanon, saving vital wetlands. Over the years they found their prejudices and assumptions utterly overthrown. Most British, and more generally, Western readers have a simplistic and stereotyped view of the Middle East and its people: oil, or terrorism. This is a dangerous travesty. As TV shows us nightly, this area of the world still shapes all our lives and a Western over simplification of the region and its peoples feeds into destructive foreign policy and fear at home. By looking at the culture through the life of a trans- located British family the reader will be introduced to the richness, culture and humanity of the Arab world as well as its undoubted challenges.

Memory And Violence In The Middle East And North Africa

Autor: Ussama Samir Makdisi
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253217981
File Size: 28,67 MB
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"... constitutes an important and much needed intervention on the themes of memory and violence in Middle East studies." —Lisa Hajjar, University of California, Santa Barbara The Middle East and North Africa form a region united by a common history of armed conflict and repeated international efforts at producing a lasting peace. This interdisciplinary collection explores the connections between memories of past violence and the violence of present memories, the context for all contemporary efforts at conflict resolution and reconciliation. The contributors examine the 1954–1962 Franco-Algerian war, the 1975–1991 Lebanese civil war, and the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict as interconnected struggles that outline national polities, infranational fractures, and transnational political connections. Insofar as national unity has been constructed on the contested claims of sacrifice and martyrdom, the legacy of violence has remained inscribed at the heart of political identity. The case studies point to the failure of current attempts to officially forget past conflicts, at the same time indicating local successes in commemorative actions that forge at least partial peaces between individuals and groups.

Israeli And Palestinian Postcards

Autor: Tim Jon Semmerling
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292749597
File Size: 6,80 MB
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Searing images of suicide bombings and retaliatory strikes now define the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for many Westerners, but television and print media are not the only visual realms in which the conflict is playing out. Even tourist postcards and greeting cards have been pressed into service as vehicles through which Israelis and Palestinians present competing visions of national selfhood and conflicting claims to their common homeland. In this book, Tim Jon Semmerling explores how Israelis and Palestinians have recently used postcards and greeting cards to present images of the national self, to build national awareness and reinforce nationalist ideologies, and to gain international acceptance. He discusses and displays the works of numerous postcard/greeting card manufacturers, artists, and photographers and identifies the symbolic choices in their postcards, how the choices are arranged into messages, what the messages convey and to whom, and who benefits and loses in these presentations of national self. Semmerling convincingly demonstrates that, far from being ephemeral, Israeli and Palestinian postcards constitute an important arena of struggle over visual signs and the power to produce reality.

The Penguins Ate My Postcards

Autor: Arlene Pullen
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1477160256
File Size: 16,71 MB
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The Penguins Ate My Postcards tells the story of one womans connections with people and places as she traveled around the world. It consists of essays, grouped by theme, of varying lengths and moods. They can be read in any order and independently of one another. Sections One provides anecdotes about people the author met in the USSR, Australia, Cambodia, and Europe. Most of their stories are light and entertaining, but they all identify some characteristics of human beings in specific situations all of us have faced. Section Two through Section Five describe some of the places the author has traveled. She combines her feelings as she stood atop mountains or glaciers and watched the sun set behind them with the reality of the beauty she was capturing with her camera. Some of the essays are memoirs from the time when Communism ruled a vast part of the world, and traveling was different in Iron Curtain countries from what it is now. Shell take you on her taxi ride through Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin and on her train ride from Leningrad through the Baltic countries and Poland into East Berlin. Because the author was a teacher, shell share with you some of the literary and historic sites she visited, combining some facts with her impressions and some incidents that occurred in those places. Youll laugh along with her as she compares the people she met with beloved literary characters youll remember from your high school and college English classes. Youll become pensive when she relates stories about genocide and civil strife in some of the Asian countries she has visited. Youll share some of her professional experiences as she visited schools in South Africa, Cambodia, England, China, and Vietnam, with her focus being on the conditions in which teachers and students interacted for learning. Youll remember the children. Some of the essays contain anecdotes about encounters with penguins in Antarctica, polar bears in the tundra, kangaroos in Australia, and camels in Egypt. The settings of her tales are diverse, and the enjoyment of being close to wild animals in their native habitat is strong. Youll walk alongside waterfalls, down mountain trails, within the remains of ancient civilizations, and in buildings constructed for some unique reasons. Section Six deals with the benefits of traveling, as the author illustrates some of the rules governing safe travel, especially for a woman traveling alone. She writes about the danger she encountered when the airplane tires blew while the plane was above the Himalayan Mountains, and when she walked alone in some remote places. She provides humorous stories dealing with language differences in European countries. One essay extols the value of having a competent travel agent and tour guide, again with anecdotes that identify the relationship she had with agents who prepared some of her trips. Finally, the book answers the most frequently asked question of experienced travelers: Whats your favorite place? The Penguins Ate My Postcards is an enjoyable collection of informal, personal essays that will keep you interested in the people and places being featured as they give you a strong impression of the location in which the events occurred. These essays are not the result of someones imagination; the incidents actually happened, and the author was an eye-witness to them. As you read, youll recognize that the author has separated life into serious situations and light, humorous moods, but she treats all the participants with the respect and sensitivity necessary to tell their stories. Perhaps, after you read The Penguins Ate My Postcards youll want to explore the world and find your own adventures. Happy reading.

Smoking Culture And Economy In The Middle East

Autor: Relli Shechter
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857716891
File Size: 12,24 MB
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In this original and thought-provoking book, Relli Shechter examines the emergence of ‘modern’ markets in the complex social environment of the Middle East. In doing tracing their development, he reveals much about both the nature of markets and of social change in the region. Focusing on tobacco consumption in Egypt, Shechter looks at how markets are shaped by factors such culture, politics and psychology. The history of Egypt’s tobacco habits from the water pipe (narjila) to the Marlboro light closely mirrors wider socio-economic developments in the country. Shechter begins his analysis in the mid 19th century, when tobacco was produced by an Ottoman entrepreneurial elite for export to the West. He then examines the command economy’s attempts to mass-market tobacco products to its own people in the early 20th century. He shows how the operation of the market in this period reinforced the social stratification of the time, with the elites consuming European-style cigarettes and the masses continuing to use traditional products such as the narjila and the sheesh. Finally, looking at contemporary Middle East in the context of globalisation, Shechter finds that smoking habits have become intertwined with generational struggles and identity issues. Shechter engages energetically with cutting-edge social and economic theories in telling the story of Egypt’s tobacco markets. The result is a fascinating book which contains a wealth of newly uncovered material. ‘Smoking, Culture and Economy in the Middle East’ will stimulate and inform anyone interested in political economy, social change and the Middle East region.

Women As Weapons Of War

Autor: Kelly Oliver
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231512457
File Size: 12,82 MB
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Ever since Eve tempted Adam with her apple, women have been regarded as a corrupting and destructive force. The very idea that women can be used as interrogation tools, as evidenced in the infamous Abu Ghraib torture photos, plays on age-old fears of women as sexually threatening weapons, and therefore the literal explosion of women onto the war scene should come as no surprise. From the female soldiers involved in Abu Ghraib to Palestinian women suicide bombers, women and their bodies have become powerful weapons in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. In Women as Weapons of War, Kelly Oliver reveals how the media and the administration frequently use metaphors of weaponry to describe women and female sexuality and forge a deliberate link between notions of vulnerability and images of violence. Focusing specifically on the U.S. campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, Oliver analyzes contemporary discourse surrounding women, sex, and gender and the use of women to justify America's decision to go to war. For example, the administration's call to liberate "women of cover," suggesting a woman's right to bare arms is a sign of freedom and progress. Oliver also considers what forms of cultural meaning, or lack of meaning, could cause both the guiltlessness demonstrated by female soldiers at Abu Ghraib and the profound commitment to death made by suicide bombers. She examines the pleasure taken in violence and the passion for death exhibited by these women and what kind of contexts created them. In conclusion, Oliver diagnoses our cultural fascination with sex, violence, and death and its relationship with live news coverage and embedded reporting, which naturalizes horrific events and stymies critical reflection. This process, she argues, further compromises the borders between fantasy and reality, fueling a kind of paranoid patriotism that results in extreme forms of violence.

East Central Georgia In Vintage Postcards

Autor: Gary L. Doster
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
ISBN: 9780738568942
File Size: 19,77 MB
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From the 1890s through the 1920s, the postcard was an extraordinarily popular means of communication, and many of the postcards produced during this "golden age" can today be considered works of art. Postcard photographers traveled the length and breadth of the nation snapping photographs of busy street scenes, documenting local landmarks, and assembling crowds of local children only too happy to pose for a picture. These images, printed as postcards and sold in general stores across the country, survive as telling reminders of an important era in America's history. This fascinating new history of East Central Georgia showcases more than two hundred of the best vintage postcards available.

A Global Middle East

Autor: Liat Kozma, Cyrus Schayech & Avner Wishnitzer
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780769423
File Size: 29,49 MB
Format: PDF
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The start of the twentieth century ushered in a period of unprecedented change in the Middle East. These transformations, brought about by the emergence of the modern state system and an increasing interaction with a more globalized economy, irrevocably altered the political and social structures of the Middle East, even as the region itself left its mark on the processes of globalization themselves. As a result of these changes, there was an intensification in the movement of people, commodities and ideas across the globe: commercial activity, urban space, intellectual life, leisure culture, immigration patterns and education - nothing was left untouched. It shows how even as the Middle East was responding to increased economic interactions with the rest of the world by restructuring not only local economies, but also cultural, political and social institutions, the region's engagement with these trends altered the nature of globalization itself.This period has been seen as one in which the modern state system and its oftentimes artificial boundaries emerged in the Middle East. But this book highlights how, despite this, it was also one of tremendous interconnection. Approaching the first period of modern globalization by investigating the movement of people, objects and ideas into, around and out of the Middle East, the authors demonstrate how the Middle East in this period was not simply subject or reactive to the West, but rather an active participant in the transnational flows that transformed both the region and the world.A Global Middle East offers an examination of a variety of intellectual and more material exchanges, such as nascent feminist movements and Islamist ideologies as well as the movement of sex workers across the Mediterranean and Jewish migration into Palestine. A Global Middle East emphasises this by examining the multi-directional nature of movement across borders, as well as this movement's intensity, volume and speed. By focusing on the theme of mobility as the defining feature of 'modern globalization' in the Middle East, it provides an essential examination of the formative years of the region.

World War I In Postcards

Autor: John Laffin
Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 17,19 MB
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Almost three hundred postcards are reproduced in this book to reflect responses to World War I.

Women And Media In The Middle East

Autor: Naomi Sakr
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857730215
File Size: 8,31 MB
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Are women benefiting from current changes in the Middle East media? With media all over the world still marginalizing women and trivializing gender inequalities, how does the situation in the Middle East compare? Proliferating satellite channels have increased women’s visibility in the region but visibility does not necessarily confer power. This book explores various ways in which media have been used to open up possibilities for women in the Middle East or, conversely, to restrict them. Having as their starting point the diverse experiences and multi-layered identities of women, the contributors treat media institutions and practices as part of wider power relations in society. By analyzing media production, consumption and texts, they reveal where and how gender boundaries have been erected or crossed. In eleven chapters, Women and Media in the Middle East spans both the region, from Iran to Morocco, and the media, from film and broadcasting to the press and internet. It looks back at women’s journalism in pre-1952 Egypt and forward to future trends in women’s internet use. One chapter shows how Maghrebi women filmmakers achieved a belated symbolic liberation for the ‘colonized of the colonized’. Another reveals how Egyptian political films link the representation of women to nationalist ideals. A study of the women’s press in Iran shows how it forced gender to the forefront of government concerns, while an investigation of Kuwait’s mainstream press uncovers duplicity in the struggle over female suffrage. A chapter on audience reception exposes clashing identity constructions and competing knowledge systems in a rural community. Further chapters explore an experiment in gender awareness programming on Palestinian TV and women’s role on Hezbollah’s television station, Al-Manar. The book begins by considering whether research on women and media in other contexts can be applied to the Middle East. It ends by discussing the careers of seven well-knon Arab women journalists. Rich and illuminating, this highly original book will be useful to scholars, media professionals and general readers interested in women’s studies, media and shifting power structures in the Middle East.